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State Listing of Drivers Licenses for HDTs

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2/8/2013

Determination Procedure

This chart was developed to determine what class driver license was necessary to drive a MDT or HDT and trailer in the licensing state.  The assumption of a rig with a GCW greater than 26,001 lbs. was used.

To start, the USDOT FMCSA establishes that any rig greater than 26,001 lbs and the trailer greater than 10,000 lbs requires a Class A CDL unless the licensing state has an exemption.

So the first place to look is in the State CDL License for an exemption for a Recreational Vehicle.  The State Driver License Manual was also checked for a reference to Recreational Vehicle.  Finally the State Codes (or whatever the state calls them) is checked to find the specific language exempting a Recreational Vehicle from the definition of a Commercial Vehicle or from the requirement of a CDL.  Lacking an exemption, a CDL is required.

Next the State Codes are checked for definition of Class A and Class B licenses outside of the Commercial License context.  The existence of Class A and Class B licenses outside the Commercial License context means there are non-CDL licenses in that state.  Generally if non-CDLs exist, they apply to RVs.

State Codes usually define the licensing process but most state Codes also empower the Administrator (or whatever) of the Department of Transportation (or whatever) to issue Regulations (or whatever) that further define the Codes.  These regulations can be quite a challenge as they do not fall under the requirement to be available to the public on the Internet like state codes.

Some states have a requirement for a special license for Recreational Vehicles when the rig is greater than 26,001 lbs and the trailer greater than 10,000 lbs.  Sometimes called a non-CDL or may be called a different class.

Encouraging states to make the application of CDL license uniform has become very obvious with the CDL Manual used by most of the states being virtually the same, with maybe the addition of exemptions to the CDL license.

More License Information

Also refer to HDT Drivers License for more information.

Caveats

As always, these information is as up to date as we can try but the final say is between you and your licensing state.

Table Creation

In the linked pdf authorities, the pertinent text is highlighted except where prevented because the state locked the pdf.  Not all manuals are complete.  If the state offered the manual in sections, only the pertinent section is used.

This table was developed from the ChangingGears with number link corrections.

Any additional authorities to clarify any state position on RV driver license would be appreciated.

Header legend:
State = State
HDT = as Motorhome, Private Truck, or Not
CDL = CDL required, yes or no
SL = Special License (non-CDL), yes or no
SWS = State Driver License Web Site
PDF Links
Comments = Research analysis, Original ChangingGears text in italics.

1
State HDT CDL SL SWS PDF Links Comments
b b b b b b b
b
AK MH N N Web Site AK CDL Manual

AK 28.90.990
AK 28.90.990 exempts RVs from Commercial Vehicle.
AL MH N N Web Site AL 32-6-49.7 AL 32-6-49.7 exempts RVs from CDL license.
AR MH Y N Web Site AR Driver Manual

AR 27-23-111 AR CDL Manual
AR Driver Manual defines Class D license up to 26,000 lbs.

AR 27-23-111 defines the Class A, Class B and Class D licenses.

Found no exemption of a 26,001+ lbs vehicle/rig from CDL.

Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVWR. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's.
AZ No N N Web Site AZ Code 28-3102 HDT not considered RV.

Driver's license and CDL manuals imply that a CDL is required above 26,000 lb GVWR. However, A.R.S. 28-3102 exempts RV's from CDL requirement.
CA MH N Y Web Site Recreational Vehicles and Trailers Motor homes over 40' but not longer than 45' require non-commercial Class B. Trailers over 10,000 lb GVWR and fifth wheels over 15,000 lb GVWR require non-commercial Class A. See Recreational Vehicles and Trailers Handbook.
CO MH N N Web Site CO CDL Definitions

CO 42-2-402
CO 42-2-402 exempts RVs from CDL license.

While CDL manual states that a CDL is required for trucks above 6,500 lb, we confirmed by phone that CDL is not required for any RV.
CT MH N Y Web Site CT CDL Manual
 
CT 95-260
CDL Manual says RVs not commercial. 

CT 95-260 says Class 2 (CDL B) can tow RV trailer regardless of weight.


Class 2 license required for trailers above 10,000 lb GVW
DC ? Y N Web Site DC Driver Manual

DC 50-402
Found no exemption of road test nor was a non-CDL license option found.

According to officials, a CDL is required above 26,000 lb. Must pass the CDL knowledge test, but the road test is not required.
DE ? N N Web Site DE CDL Manual

DE 2213
DE CDL Manual only exempts RVs from IFA tax.

DE 2213 exempts RVs from CDL license.

Unknown on how Delaware looks at HDTs as RVs.
FL No N N Web Site FL CDL Manual

FL 320.01
FL 322.53
The exemption for RVs in 322.53 refers to the definition in 320.01 which does not include an HDT and there is no provision for private truck.

But FL 322.53 does exempt a straight truck used personally which a HDT might be considered as with a bumper hitch.

Driver's license manual states that a Class E license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVWR. We confirmed by phone that the Class E license is valid for all RV's.
GA PT N N Web Site GA 45-5-142
GA 40-2-150
GA 45-5-142 exempts RVs from CDL.  GA 40-2-150 defines a Private Truck.

However, no exemption from CDL  was found for Private Truck.
HI ? Y N Web Site HI CDL Manual The HI CDL Manual exempts RVs from CDL license but no luck finding that in HI Codes.

Class 4 license required for trailers weighing more than 15,000 lb and less than 26,000 lb. CDL implied above 26,000 lb.
IA MH N N Web Site IA 321.176A Motorhomes and GVWR Trucks of less than 26,000 lbs are exempt from CDL requirements,
ID PT N N Web Site ID CDL Manual

ID 49-302
ID 49-302 exempts commercial vehicle used exclusively to transport personal possessions or family members for nonbusiness or recreational purposes.
IL MH N Y Web Site IL Driver Manual
IL CDL Manual

IL 625 6-500
IL 625 6-500 exempts RVs from CDL requirements.

The IL Driver Manual refers to Class A and B licenses but not found in IL Codes.

Assumption that non-CDL is required.

Above 16,000 lb GVWR, or towing above 10,000 lb, requires non-commercial Class A, B or C.
IN MH N N Web Site IN CDL Manual

IN 9-24-6
IN 9-24-6 exempts vehicles registered as RV from CDL.
KS MH N Y Web Site KS Driver Manual

KS 8-2-34b
KS does define a RV uniquely therefore it is treated as a Class A or Class B vehicle but the assumption is that it is in the Non-CDL Classes.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B.
KY ? N N Web Site KY Driver Manual
KY CDL Manual

KY 281A-050
KY 281A-050 exempts RV from CDL requirements.
LA MH N N Web Site LA Driver Manual

LA 32.408
LA 32.408 indicated the standard Class E license is used for RVs
MA MH N N Web Site MA Driver Manual
MA CDL Manual
MA Codes are very vague.  No exemption from a CDL for an RV was found.

Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb registered weight. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's.
MD No Y N Web Site MD CDL Manual

MD 11.901.1
Above 26,000 lb GVW requires non-commercial Class A or B

MD11.901-1 defines RV as a non-CDL vehicle.

But MD does not see a HDT as a MH.
ME MH N N Web Site ME CDL Manual

ME 29A 1252
ME 29A-1252 defines a Class C license for RVs.
MI MH N N Web Site MI CDL Manual

MI 257.49a

MI Recreational Doubles
MI 257.49a exempts RVs from special licenses.

MI Recreational Doubles define the rules for towing double trailers.

"R" endorsement required if pulling two trailers
MN ? N N Web Site MN Driver Manual

MN 169.011
MN 169/011 defines RVs exempt from CDL license.
MO MH N N Web Site MO CDL Manual

MO 302.775
MO 302.775 exempts RVs from CDL license.
MS ? N N Web Site MS 63.1.78 MS 63.1.78 exempts personal nonprofit vehicles for CDL license.
MT MH N N Web Site MT 61.1.101 MT 61.1.101 defines vehicles not used to transport goods for compensation or for hire are exempted from CDL license.

Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVW. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's.
NC MH
PT
N Y Web Site NC Driver Manual
NC CDL Manual

NC 20 37-16
NC 20 2-7
NC 20 37-16 states that CDL license does not apply to vehicles used for personal use such as recreational vehicles.

NC 20 2-7 defines non-CDL Class A and Class B.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B.
ND ? N N Web Site ND CDL Manual

ND 39-06.2-06
ND 39-06.2-06 exempts RVs from CDL license.
NE ? N N Web Site NE CDL Manual

NE 60-405
NE 60-405 exempts RVs from CDL license
NH MH N N Web Site NH CDL Manual

NH Saf-c 1801
NH Saf-C 1801 exempts RVs from CDL license.

Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVW. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's.
NJ MH N N Web Site NJ Driver Manual
NJ CDL Manual

NJ 39:3-10.11
NJ 39:3-10.11 exempts RVs from CDL definition.
NM MH
PT
N Y Web Site NM CDL Manual

NM 18.19.5
Above 26,000 lb GVW requires class E. See sections 18.19.5.30 and 18.19.5.112 in TRD Publication 18.18 & 18.19 NMAC.
NV PT N Y Web Site NV non-CDL Manual
NV CDL Manual

NV 483.850
NV 483.850 exempts RVs from CDL license.

When towing trailer above 10,000 lb GVWR, requires "J" endorsement. Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B.
NY No N Y Web Site NY CDL Manual

NY 5 -19 501a
While non-CDL is mentioned in places, the definition could not be found in the codes.

NY 5-19 501a exempts a personal vehicle from CDL.

Not resolved.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR requires "R" endorsement. A new law enacted 7/2005 has eliminated the non-CDL class C. See The Elimination of the Non-CDL Class C License.

OH MH N N Web Site OH Vehicle Code

OH_4506.3
OH 4506.3 exempts RVs from CDL license.
OK MH
PT
N N Web Site OK 47.1.107.4 OK 47.1.107.4 defines license for RVs.
OR MH N N Web Site OR Driver Manual

OR 801.208
OR 801.208 exempts RVs from CDL license.
PA No N Y Web Site PA Driver Manual
PA CDL Manual

PA 18-1603
PA 18-1504
RVs are exempted from CDL license.  But a Class A license is required, i.e. non-CDL.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B.
RI ? N N Web Site RI 31-10.3-16 According to DL officials, above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires commercial Class A or B. However, RI statute 31-10.3-16 (5) specifically exempts RV's.
SC ? N Y Web Site SC Driver Manual

SC 56-1-2070
SC 56-1-2070 exempts RVs from CDL license.

SD driver Manual defines Class E (non-CDL B like) and Class E (non-CDL A like).

It appears these definitions are generated by a regulation of SCDOT .  Not found yet.

Above 26,000 lb GVW requires Class E or F.
SD PT N N Web Site SD CDL Manual

SD CDL 32-9A-1

SD 32-12A-9
SD 32-12A-9 exempts RVs from CDL license as defined in 32-9A-1.
TN MH
PT
N N Web Site TN CDL Manual

TN 55-50-102
TN 55-50-102 exempts RVs from CDL license.
TX MH
PT
N Y Web Site TX Driver Manual
TX CDL Manual

TX 521-001
TX 522-001
TX 522-001 exempts RVs from CDL license but TX 521-001 defines non-CDL Class A and B licenses that do relate to RVs.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR (while towing > 10,000 lb) requires non-commercial Class A or B.
UT MH N N Web Site UT CDL Manual

UT 53-3-211
UT 53-3-211 exempt RVs from CDL license.

Also see the License Class section in the Utah Investigators Vehicle Crash Report Instruction Manual.
VA PT? N N Web Site VA CDL Manual

VA 46.2-341.4
VA 46.2-341.4 exempts RVs from CDL license.

But private truck?

Information confirmed by a VA state trooper.
VT ? N N Web Site VT CDL Manual

VT 23 39 4103
VT 23 39-4103 exempts RVs from CDL license.
WA MH N N Web Site WA CDL Manual

WA 46.25.050
WA 46.25.050 exempts RVs from CDL license.
WI MH N N Web Site WI CDL Manual

WI 343.055
WI 343.055 exempts RVs from CDL license.

RV exemption in CDL manual: "motor home, fifth wheel mobile home,... provided it isn't longer than 45 feet"
WV ? N N Web Site WV CDL Manual

WV 17E-1
WV 17E-1 exempts RVs from CDL license.
WY ? N Y Web Site WY CDL Manual

WY 37-7-109
Only the WY CDL Manual exempts RVs from CDL license so far in the research.

WY 37-7-109 defines Class A and Class B licenses, non-CDL for RVs.

Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B.